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Using Reach RTK for Affrodable Auto-Steering on a Farm in Austria


(Igor Vereninov) #1

Originally published at: https://emlid.com/using-reach-rtk-affrodable-auto-steering-farm-austria/

 

 

In our earlier post about Reach RS in precision agriculture we’ve already spoken of the advantages of accurate GPS-guidance and showed how to use Reach RS to achieve repeatable centimeter accuracy in the field.

The systems for automated steering are now also widely used on agricultural machinery along with the GPS-guidance. Farmers using such systems benefits not only from the economy on sprayers, fertilizers and fuel but auto-steering systems help the driver to reduce the fatigue hence increasing the efficiency.

One of our community members Andreas Ortner (community profile) uses Reach and Reach RS with auto-steering system on John Deere tractors on his farm in Austria. On 50 ha of land he grows corn, barley, wheat, sorghum bicolor. Located in a fertile area with a good rainfall during a year, the farm provides the harvest about 12-15 tons of maize per hectare.

 

What it costs?

Andreas equipped his tractor fleet with Reach RTK Kit ($570) and auto-steering system made from standard components (~$350). Everything is controlled by easy-to-use Cerea GPS software (less than $200) which can do both auto-steering and provide visual guidance. Such hardware and software set is very cost-effective and handy as it doesn't require complicated integration and may be used on any machinery.

 

Reach RTK is used in 2 different setups, one is designed just for visual guidance and the second for auto-steering.

 

Visual Guidance

The visual guidance setup is used for spraying pesticides and fertilizers and includes a laptop running Cerea and Reach connected via USB. Reach rover is connected with the mobile Wi-Fi hotspot on tractor and gets corrections from Reach base station. The antenna of Reach rover is installed on the roof of the tractor for the best skyview and provides accurate guidance for manual driving.

The main benefit is the reduction of sprayers and fertilizers. A very slight overlap allows to reduce the consumption of fuel and sprayers up to 20% in the field.

 

Reach rover antenna on the roof of the tractor for the GPS-guidance

 

Auto-Steering

For the auto-steering Andreas has acquired the set of components from Phidgets containing motor, encoder, controller and other parts for integration on tractor. Auto-steer system is also connected via USB to the laptop. In this setup Cerea running on laptop is in charge of automatic steering of tractor using accurate position from Reach. In case of auto-steering the antenna is placed in front of the tractor (see the photo below), this is the most efficient placement for software as it immediately corrects the heading of the tractor.

 

Reach antenna is installed in front of the tractor for the better heading correction

 

Accuracy

With new ReachView 2 the receiver gets fixed solution quickly and securely holds it in the field, providing smooth auto-steering and repeatable accuracy while harrowing and fertilizing before seeding. These applications require only 10-30 centimeter accuracy however in autumn Andreas will plant cereals using RTK and that’s where centimeter accuracy will be the key requirement.

 

Tractor path output from Cerea to QGIS. Andreas reports quick and strong fix when using Reach in the field

 

Currently Andreas is using 2 Reach units for his operations but is planning to test Reach RS on his tractors. 2 Reach RS may be perfect for precision farming application as they communicate via built-in LoRa radio and don’t need the Internet connection. They also packed with battery and antenna, all this in weatherproof housing. This makes the setup of RTK receivers on vehicles faster and easier.

 

Start using Reach / Reach RS on your tractor

Reach and Reach RS outputs the position in different formats including NMEA 0183. With many connectivity options (BT, Wi-Fi, TCP or Serial) you can connect the receiver to any Android app for GPS-guidance and to different screens and tablets accepting NMEA.

 

If you are thinking of accurate and repeatable guidance for your machinery but don't know where to start - check out our docs and join our community forum!

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#2

I have a farmer asking me a bunch of questions about this and options to get.
A new phone app has been mention , field navigator . Anybody with experience on this in combination with Reach?


(Jean Luc Picourlat) #3

Hi , i have 2 reach ch here ( france ) for use , one on base and one on rover for connect to CEREA Gps . Great but : no possible to connect at antenna with output TCP ! Can you explain your connection ??? please ??? Thanks
PICOURLAT Jean Luc . SOFTIVERT Sarl . www.softivert.com
thanks


(Andreas Ortner) #5

Simple use usb Output…

In configuration.txt you need to Activate gprmc=1

When Unsing tcp/ip you need Sonthing like str2svr to Stream Data to localhost:7777 (cerea port)


(Florent Vg) #6

Hi !

I am very interested in what you have done here. I am a farmer too in Belgium. Last season i tested the emlid reach with the tallysman antenna (https://docs.emlid.com/reach/#reach-rtk-kit) combined with the eFarmer app and using a ntrip server 7km away via internet for RTK correction.
Worked great when in open field but as soon as i come close to the forest along my fields, i lose RTK. I assume it is the tallysman reciever loosing the settelites.

I am thinking in investing in a reach rs+ and an electrical steering system from Muller to have autotrack.

With your experience, do you think it will work or am i going to encouter the same problems when close to trees ? Would it be better to invest in 2 reach rs+, one as base and one on the tractor, and work with radio correction instead of ntrip server for RTK ?

Thanks


(Andrew Yushkevich) #8

Hi @florent,

RTK requires a clear sky view for receivers, so trees might be a cause of an issue.
Do you have any base and rover logs with such Reach behavior?
Also, please, share your hardware setup and Reach antenna placement photos.

Thanks.